Here’s what needs to be happening in the garden during October.

O hushed October morning mild
Thy leaves have ripened to the fall;
Tomorrow’s wind, if it be wild
Should waste them all.

Robert Frost

There may be warm days, so enjoy them while you can. Frosts are possible, the days get shorter and the clocks go back towards the end of the month. Now is the time to start preparing for winter.

  • Plant garlic.
  • Bring in tender perennials such as pelargoniums.
  • Plant over-wintering broad beans and peas.
  • Pick and store remaining apples.
  • Clear beds of finished crops. Cover with compost.
  • Sow winter green manure in beds which won’t be used till next spring.
  • Lift and divide mature clumps of rhubarb.
  • Plant spring-flowering bulbs and alliums. Leave tulip bulbs till later.
  • Start collecting fallen leaves to make leaf mould.
  • Save seeds: store and label them carefully.
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