Here’s what needs to be happening in the garden during June.

Now we have the longest days, the roses start flowering and we can hope to sit and enjoy our gardens. However, there’s plenty to do.

Green was the silence, wet was the light. The month of June trembled like a butterfly.

Pablo Neruda (Chilean poet, d. 1973)
  • Continue successional sowing of vegetable seeds.
  • Plant out half-hardy flowers and vegetables.
  • Sow biennial flowers such as wallflowers.
  • Divide clumps of spring bulbs and replant.
  • Deadhead flowers, such as lupins, to encourage a second flowering. Stake taller perennials.
  • Prune spring-flowering shrubs.
  • Harvest shallots and garlic when the foliage starts to die back. Make sure they are thoroughly dry before storing them.
  • Summer prune apple and pear trees, especially those grown as cordons or espaliers.
  • Mix and aerate compost bins.
  • Earth up potatoes.
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