Here’s what needs to be happening in the garden during January.

If there’s a mild spell, resist tidying the garden. Leave seed heads for the birds and let dead foliage protect the young shoots beneath and provide shelter for wildlife. Take the opportunity to clean out greenhouses and sheds. In bad weather, browse catalogues and look over any notes on changes to the garden which you may have made during the year.

Come, ye cold winds, at January’s call,
On whistling wings, and with white flakes bestrew
The earth.

John Ruskin
  • Sow sweet pea seeds in deep pots under cover and protect from mice.
  • Make lists and plans. Order seeds.
  • Prune apple trees, except in a severe frost.
  • Prune roses.
  • Cut back ornamental grasses before new growth starts.
  • Spread compost on unused beds.
  • Check and remove any rotten fruit in store.

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